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BEIJING, Oct. 31 (Xinhua) -- The purchasing managers' index (PMI) for China's non-manufacturing sector came in at 52.4 in October, down from 53.2 in September, the National Bureau of Statistics said Sunday.。
A reading above 50 indicates expansion, while a reading below it reflects contraction. Enditem。
Showdown looms as Canada truckers ordered to clear key bridge******
Anti-vaccine mandate protesters block the roadway at the Ambassador Bridge border crossing in Windsor Ontario on February 11, 2022.
Truckers snarling a key bridge between Canada and the United States in protest at COVID-19 rules were ordered by a judge to leave Friday night, setting up a potential showdown two weeks into the snowballing protest movement.
The days-long blockade of the Ambassador Bridge that connects Windsor, Ontario and the US city of Detroit, has paralyzed a key North American trade route, piling pressure on Canadian leader Justin Trudeau to resolve the crisis.
A Canadian judge granted an injunction ordering the protesters – estimated to number a few hundred, along with several dozen trucks – to leave the bridge by 7pm (12am GMT), according to Windsor mayor Drew Dilkens.
Authorities are under increasing pressure to crack down on the protests that have paralyzed Ottawa, triggering a state of emergency in Ontario province and copycat demonstrations as far away as France and New Zealand.
Upping the stakes, President Joe Biden on Friday reiterated his "concern" to Trudeau, telling him the blockade of the Ambassador Bridge and two other border crossings was having serious effects on US firms.
The vital Windsor-Detroit bridge is used daily by more than 40,000 people, along with trucks carrying US$323 million worth of goods on average – about one-quarter of all Canada-US trade.
Addressing reporters in Ottawa, Trudeau said all options were "on the table" for ending the protests, though he stressed that calling in the military was a distant final resort, and "something to avoid having to do at all costs."
"This unlawful activity has to end and it will end," the prime minister said, adding that it was up to police to "enforce the law and protect public order."
The Canadian capital has been clogged with hundreds of big rigs for two weeks – as the movement has morphed into a broader protest against pandemic health rules and Trudeau's government.
The days-long blockades have already had significant economic impact, with automakers forced to cut back production on both sides of the border, triggering fears it could undermine Canada's recovery from the pandemic.
In his call with Trudeau, Biden said the movement was impacting US companies and workers with "slowdowns in production, shortened work hours, and plant closures."
State of emergency
Canada's self-styled "Freedom Convoy" began last month in the country's west – launched in anger at requirements that truckers either be vaccinated, or test and isolate, when crossing the US-Canada border.
The premier of Ontario province – the epicenter of the protests – announced a state of emergency on Friday, threatening steep fines of up to C$100,000 (US$80,000) and jail unless protesters end their "illegal occupation."
"To the people of Ottawa under siege, I say we will ensure you're able to resume life and business as soon as possible," said Ontario premier Doug Ford, who like Trudeau has been accused of inaction over the protests.
The Ontario emergency came as a coalition of protesters – an estimated 1,800 vehicles according to a police source – were closing in on Paris after setting off in convoy from across France.
Defying police warnings, the French protesters included opponents of COVID vaccination, but also people angry at fast-rising energy prices – in an echo of the "yellow vest" grievances that sparked widespread protests in 2018 and 2019.
Protesters have likewise set up a makeshift camp outside New Zealand's parliament, scene of violent clashes earlier this week as police sought to clear anti-vaccine demonstrators.