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時間:2022-08-15 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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Omicron variant may change course of COVID******Xinhua。

A man walks past a COVID-19 test center in Manchester, Britain on December 6, 2021.。

Certain features of the Omicron variant, including its global spread and large number of mutations, suggest it could have a major impact on the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, said the chief of the World Health Organization on Wednesday.。

With the Omicron variant now present in 57 countries, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warned at a press briefing that it can spread more rapidly than previous variants.。

"We are now starting to see a consistent picture of rapid increase in transmission (rates), although for now the exact rate of increase relative to other variants remains difficult to quantify," he said.。

"Emerging data from South Africa suggest increased risk of re-infection with Omicron, but more data are needed to draw firmer conclusions," he added.。

While some evidence might suggest that Omicron causes milder symptoms than the earlier Delta variant, it's still early days to draw any final conclusions, WHO experts have said.。

According to Mike Ryan, executive director of the WHO's Health Emergencies Program, although the evolutionary nature of the virus makes it more transmissible as it mutates, this doesn't necessarily make the virus less severe, as has been suggested by some "urban legends."

Xinhua。

People walk past a board showing measures against COVID-19 in Brussels, Belgium, on December 2, 2021.。

Whether or not a mutation turns out to be milder or more lethal is a matter of chance, he said.。

As studies of the latest COVID-19 variant are evolving, the WHO says it still needs days or even weeks for global epidemiological data to come in, be analyzed and then to draw any firm conclusions.。

It's also still premature to say that Omicron could result in a significant reduction in vaccine effectiveness, according to WHO Chief Scientist Soumya Swaminathan.。

The WHO has called on all countries to increase surveillance, testing and sequencing, and to submit more data to the WHO Clinical Data Platform using an updated online case reporting form.。

650亿元!这项计划比“双一流”的投入多一倍******

原标题:650亿元!这项计划比“双一流”的投入多一倍

在“后985、后211”时代,面向世界一流大学和一流学科的“双一流”建设,计划投入达317亿元左右。但与面向职业教育的“双高”计划相比,“双一流”投入只有它的一半还不到。

4月19日,中国职业技术教育学会会长、教育部原副部长鲁昕,在华东师大举行的2019中国教育发展论坛上透露:根据《关于实施中国特色高水平高职学校和专业建设计划的意见》,这项高职版的“双一流”由教育部“领投”,带动各部委“跟投”,计划总投入高达650亿元。

前有“高职扩招百万”,本月又出“双高计划”——其中信号,你读懂了吗?如此大招,你有接住吗?

高专数量过半,学生占比不足

今年全国两会期间,李克强总理在政府工作报告中说,改革完善高职院校考试招生办法,鼓励更多应届高中毕业生和退役军人、下岗职工、农民工等报考,今年大规模扩招100万人。华东师大党委书记、国家教育宏观政策研究院院长童世骏教授表示,这意味着更为多元的人群进入高等教育阶段,加速中国高等教育普及化。同时,劳动年龄人口与新增劳动力的平均受教育年限进一步延长。

如何接招?按教育部和财政部新印发的这份《意见》,“双高计划”项目布点50所左右高水平学校建设单位和150个左右高水平专业群建设单位,每五年一个支持周期,2019年启动第一轮建设,对入选学校给予重点经费支持。

那么,中国接受职业教育尤其是高等职业教育的人群到底多不多?据教育部统计,2018年,在全国2663所普通高校中,共有高职(专科)院校1418所。全国普通专科招生368.83万人,占普通本专科人数的46.63%;全国普通专科在校生1133.70万人,占普通本专科人数的40.05%。可以说,高职(专科)院校在学校数量上的占比过半,但招生数与在读数规模的占比都不足高等教育的半数。

鲁昕举例进行国际比较:在《2018年全球竞争力报告》名列前5名的美国、瑞士、德国等国中,高中阶段职业教育比重,德国为60%,瑞士为70%;高等教育阶段的应用型高等教育,美国占78%,德国62%,瑞士80%。

作为部市共建的国家教育宏观政策研究院博导,鲁昕团队也测算出,若我国应用型高校比重达到德国水平,以2018年为例,可培养应用型的技术技能型人才总量达到514.6万,比目前40%左右的比重增加182万。

人才红利可期,投入还需加码

作为世界头号人口大国,中国人口红利消失的论调流传已久。但鲁昕个人认为,从数量型红利到质量型红利,她对第二次人口红利极其乐观,“不是谨慎乐观,更不是焦虑”。

在全球竞争力前十的国家中,基本都已没有人口红利,但却有人才红利。反观第二大人口国,印度人正担心人口红利变为人口负担,因为没有足够教育资源支撑人口增长,印度文盲率仍有三分之一左右。在进行人口变动与教育资源配置研讨中,鲁昕表示在现阶段我国七八亿的从业人员中,若人才比例占到三四成,完全可以通过人才红利,再获人口红利。

记者了解到,全国高校应届毕业生目前每年达八九百万人,这样的人才规模世界上任何国家都不可比拟。加之今年高职大扩招,高校招生规模将达千万级。由此,高等教育毛入学率预计从48.1%越过50%的大关,即将由高等教育大众化阶段转入普及化阶段。

另一个大关在城市。截至2018年,我国城镇化率达59.58%,各地城镇新增常住人口1790万人,仍处于城镇化率30%到70%之间的快速发展区间。“在我国人口‘低生育、高流动、非均衡’发展和加快上海科创中心建设的背景下,上海作为一个国际大都市,将成为外来人口、国际移民导入和人才集聚的高地,上海区域内部人口空间移动,形成国际社区、外来人口集聚区等非均衡分布,对教育资源的空间布局和优质教育资源的均衡发展带来挑战。”上海市教育委员会副主任轩福贞教授表示,未来学龄人口总量将趋于下降,上海需要制定更具时空节奏的教育资源优化配置战略,将“调结构”的重点转向解决区域教育发展的不平衡不充分问题。

配足配好教育资源,也看财政投入强度。2018财政年度,中国教育经费4.18万亿元,仍保持占GDP4%比重。当然,对比中等发达国家6%的水平,还有一定差距。学经济出身的鲁昕认为,我国这一比例应当至少在5.5%左右,也就是比现在多投约1.5万亿,先超过印度比例,再达到韩国水平。

(来源:上观新闻 作者:徐瑞哲)

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残特奥会开幕期间 西安公交调整10条公交线路******

中华人民共和国第十一届残疾人运动会暨第八届特殊奥林匹克运动会开幕式(以下简称“残特奥会开幕式”)活动定于10月22日(星期五)在西安奥体中心体育馆举行。活动期间,交警部门将对部分道路采取交通管制措施,届时将影响西安公交集团10条公交线路正常运行。西安公交集团对途经管制区域的10条线路进行线路临时调整,其中缩线7条、绕行2条、临时停运1条。

管制时间和区域:

(一)管制时间

2021年10月22日8时起至开幕式活动结束。

(二)管制区域

东起欧亚大道(不含)元朔大道至秦汉大道段,西至灞河东路(含)元朔大桥至东风桥段,南起元朔大道(不含)欧亚大道至灞河东路段,北至秦汉大道(不含)灞河东路至欧亚大道段的合围区域。

另含:元朔大桥下灞河东路出入口;东风桥下灞河东路出入口;奥体隧道西出入口。

公交线路临时调整方案:

开幕式交通管制期间,影响西安公交集团10条公交线路的正常运行。西安公交集团对途经管制区域的10条线路进行线路临时调整,其中缩线7条、绕行2条、临时停运1条。

现场公交线路临时调整情况根据交通管制实际情况进行灵活调整。

临时调整的公交线路随交通管理部门对交通管制路段的恢复通行而恢复原线路运行;对提前结束交通管制的路段,将立即恢复原线路运行。

华商报记者 赵瑞利


来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:报社方正

Chinese student recounts his journey out of Ukraine******

Wang Chongjian / Ti Gong

People wait in long lines at the Ukrainian-Slovak border.

Wang Chongjian / Ti Gong

Local volunteers offer free drink and food to people waiting in long queues to cross the Ukraine border into Slovakia.

Wang Chongjian could finally have a sound sleep, having left war-ravaged Ukraine.

After days of turmoil, the third-year student at the Ukrainian National Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture – and a Chinese national – arrived on the other side of the border in Slovakia in the wee hours on Thursday (local time).

Only after checking into a hotel did he feel relieved.

"Days of dislocation of our lives have finally ended! I want to catch up on my sleep first," he told Shanghai Daily around 6:30am on Thursday, when asked about his future plans. "It's a nice hotel. The local Chinese embassy booked it for us and didn't charge us a penny. Later, I will go and check out the food."

For Wang, it has been a once in a lifetime experience. Roars of jet fighters, explosions and sirens are one of his most vivid memories from last week. "Then, the city government suggested people turn off the lights and seek shelter underground. Later, the strict curfew was imposed," he said, referring to the Ukraine capital Kiev.

Wang Chongjian / Ti Gong

Passengers are packed like sardines in a train from Kiev to Lviv.

Wang Chongjian / Ti Gong

There was heavy snowfall in the morning of the day Wang Chongjian and other Chinese students left Kiev.

Finding that the situation in Kiev was getting worse, Wang and several other Chinese schoolmates decided to leave Ukraine for Slovakia. They took a train from Kiev to the western city of Lviv on Tuesday.

"That morning there was heavy snowfall. As we failed to hail a cab, we dragged our luggage to the railway station on foot. Luckily, it was not far from our residences. The streets were empty, but the railway station was crowded with people in dire despair to leave the capital," he recalled.

Though places were limited, people were still courteous: children and women first. And tickets were free.

Passengers were packed like sardines in this "train of hope," Wang said. "I found a place somewhere near one door. I almost couldn't move my body. But I felt so lucky to just get on the train."

Unlike Kiev, Lviv seemed oblivious to the war. "There, life was going on as usual," he said of the illuminated streets where people went to shops and restaurants.

Wang Chongjian / Ti Gong

Lviv seemed oblivious to the ongoing war between Ukraine and Russia.

The next day, after replenishing their energy and stocks, the group headed to the Ukrainian-Slovak border at the Velke Slemence border crossing, as recommended by the Chinese embassy. They arrived in the border city of Uzhgorod around 9:30pm. But it took more than three hours to go through customs because of lone queues.

"The soldiers were nice. Local people put up tents on two sides, and voluntarily offered us free hot tea, coffee and food, as well as local SIM cards," he said. "And volunteers from the Chinese embassy were waiting for us on the other side of the border, and later drove us to the hotel."

According to Wang, it was moving to see how people cared for each other in these difficult times. "We really appreciate the help and care from the embassy and volunteers. Though we are overseas, we can still feel the spirit of unity," he said.

There are an estimated 6,000 Chinese nationals in Ukraine. Currently, with flight conditions in a limbo, they have been advised to move to neighboring countries – Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Hungary and Poland – via western Ukraine through Odessa and Lviv.

Local Chinese embassies and consulates will offer necessary help.

Wang Chongjian / Ti Gong

The boundary line at the Ukraine-Slovakia border.

Wang Chongjian / Ti Gong

On the Slovak side of the border.

Wang Chongjian / Ti Gong

Wang and other students are staying in a hotel in Slovakia arranged by the local Chinese embassy.

巴基斯坦一安全检查站遭武装分子袭击

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